## Application Of Fraction As A Data Type

Code Id 40
Date Updated 11/7/2010
Title Application of fraction as a data type
Description
```This Fraction class allows extreme flexibility in working with fractions.  When a fraction is declared and the user and or client program implements a fraction with a negativedenominator this class quickly distributes it to both the numinator and denominator to keep with what one would normally do with Fractions in a Math class.  Operators are defined to work with extreme ease for the user of this class.A Reduce fraction is included to allow the user to use to
simply the fraction that they are dealing with. Pre/Post conditions have been added to simplify the Class.

```
 Attachments Source Code fraction2.zip
Codes Snippet
```//--------------------------------------------------------------
//
// F R A C T I O N  C L A S S
//
// F R A C T I O N . C P P
//
// C L A S S  D E S C R I P T I O N
// --------------------------------
//
// This file, provides a body to the functions declared in
// Fraction.h and must not be seperated from it, lest it stop
// functioning and benefit no one.
//
// This Fraction class allows extreme flexibility in working
// with fractions.  When a fraction is declared and the user
// and or client program implements a fraction with a negative
// denominator this class quickly distributes it to both the
// numinator and denominator to keep with what one would
// normally do with Fractions in a Math class.  Operators are
// defined to work with extreme ease for the user of this class.
// A Reduce fraction is included to allow the user to use to
// simply the fraction that they are dealing with.
//
// Pre/Post conditions have been added to simplify the Class.
//
//--------------------------------------------------------------
Fraction::Fraction()
:num(0), den(1) // Sets default values for Fraction Class
{
// Constructor has no need to initialize any other code
// in it's current state
}
//-----------------------------------------------------
Fraction::~Fraction()
{
// Deconstructor contains no code at the moment
}
//-----------------------------------------------------
void Fraction::SetNum(BIGGEST_INT newnum)
//pre : Call to set the numerator
//post: new numerator is set
{
num = newnum;
}

//-----------------------------------------------------
void Fraction::SetDen(BIGGEST_INT newden)
// pre : Call to set the deminator
// post: Validate if negative and set new denominator
{
den = newden;
if(den < 0) {
num *= -1;
den *= -1;
}
}
//-----------------------------------------------------
void Fraction::SetAll(int Fracnum)
// pre : Fraction is defined, and program seeks input from user
// post: User has given two values and if denominator is
//               negative it is now made positive
{
BIGGEST_INT newnum = 0, newden = 0;
cout << "nEnter a value for the numerator in Fraction " << Fracnum << ". ";
cin >> num;
cout << "nEnter a value for the denominator in Fraction " << Fracnum << ". ";
cin >> den;

if(den < 0) { // Choke out negative denominators as soon as they are inputted.
num *= -1;
den *= -1;
}
}
//-----------------------------------------------------
BIGGEST_INT Fraction::Num()
// pre: any call made to use numerator in Fraction class
{
return(num);
}
//-----------------------------------------------------
BIGGEST_INT Fraction::Den()
// pre: any call made to use denominator in Fraction class
{
return(den);
}
//-----------------------------------------------------
void Fraction::Reduce()
// pre : Function is called with a Fraction to reduce
// post: Function is reduced as far as possible
{
BIGGEST_INT rdc = 0; // Reduce value
if(den > num) // Makes sure the greater number is sent to the Function first
rdc = GCD(den, num);
else if(den < num)
rdc = GCD(num, den);
else
rdc = GCD(num, den);
num /= rdc; // Simplifies Fraction's Numerator
den /= rdc; // Simplifies Fraction's Denominator
}
//-----------------------------------------------------
void Fraction::DisplayMixed()
{
cout << "Mixed value: " << num / den << " " << num % den << "/";
if(den < 0) /* Don't let the denominator of the mixed number appear negative
if the value is negative it's displayed in the whole number. */
cout << den * -1;
else
cout << den;
cout << endl;
}
//-----------------------------------------------------
float FracDecVal(Fraction a)
// pre: Function is given one fraction to find the decimal value of
// post: Function returns the decimal value of given fraction
{
float fracnum = a.num; // Make numerator a floater to prevent loss of data
float fracden = a.den; // Make denominator a floater to prevent loss of data
float decval = fracnum / fracden; // Decimal value variable
return(decval);
}
//-----------------------------------------------------
BIGGEST_INT Fraction::GCD(int num1, int remainder)
// pre : Function is given two values (numerator and denominator)
// post: Function returns the greatest common factor to client
{
if(remainder == 0)
return(num1);
else {
return(GCD(remainder,num1%remainder));
}
}
//-----------------------------------------------------
Fraction Fraction::operator +(Fraction d)
// pre : Function is given two valid Fractions to add
// post: Function returns the added value of the Fractions as is
{
Fraction retfrac;
retfrac.num = (num * d.den) + (d.num * den);
retfrac.den = d.den * den;
return(retfrac);
}
//-----------------------------------------------------
Fraction Fraction::operator -(Fraction d)
// pre : Function is given two valid Fractions to subtract
// post: Function returns the subtracted value of the Fraction as is
{
Fraction retfrac;
retfrac.num = (num * d.den) - (d.num * d.den);
retfrac.den = d.den * den;
return(retfrac);
}
//-----------------------------------------------------
Fraction Fraction::operator *(Fraction d)
// pre : Function is given two valid Fractions to multiply
// post: Function returns the multiplied value of the Fraction as is
{
Fraction retfrac;
retfrac.num = num * d.num;
retfrac.den = den * d.den;
return(retfrac);
}
//-----------------------------------------------------
Fraction Fraction::operator /(Fraction d)
// pre : Function is given two valid Fractions to divide
// post: Function returns the divided value of the Fraction as is
{
Fraction retfrac;
retfrac.num = num * d.den;
retfrac.den = den * d.num;
if(retfrac.den < 0) { // Just in case the inversion caused the denominator to be negative
retfrac.num *= -1;
retfrac.den *= -1;
}
return(retfrac);
}
//-----------------------------------------------------
Fraction Fraction_Do_Op(int operation, Fraction a, Fraction b)
// pre : Function is given operation and two Fractions
// post: Function completes the operation and returns to client
{
Fraction rc;
switch (operation) {
return (a + b);
case FRAC_SUB:
return (a - b);
case FRAC_MUL:
return (a * b);
case FRAC_DIV:
return (a / b);
}
rc.SetNum(1);
rc.SetDen(1);
return (rc);
}
//-----------------------------------------------------
```