System Programming Unleashed

  1. BASICS
  2. ADVANCED TOPICS

BASICS

Introduction

  • System Software, Application Software
  • Evolution Of Operating Systems
  • Operating System & Kernel
  • Functions Of Operating System

Machine Structure

  • Evolution Of Components Of A Programming System
  • Assembler, Loader, Macros, Compiler, Formal Systems
  • Machine Structure & Machine Language
  • General Machine Structure
  • Approach to a new machine
  • Memory Registers
  • Data, Instructions
  • Special features.
  • Long Way, No looping, Address Modification, Looping

Introduction to Assembly Language Program

  • Basic Concepts
  • Assembler programming
  • Assembler language instructions
  • Interruptions and file managing
  • Macros and procedures
  • Program examples

Programming Languages

  • Importance of High Level Languages
  • Features
  • Data Types and Data Structures
  • Storage Allocation and Scope Name
  • Accessing Flexibility
  • Functional Modularity
  • Asynchronous Operations
  • Extensibility and Compile time Macros

Assemblers

  • Design Procedure
  • Design of Assembler
  • Table Processing.

Macros Language and Macro Processor

  • Macro Instructions
  • Features of a Macro Facility & Implementation.

Loaders

  • Loader Schemes
  • Design of an Absolute Loader
  • Direct Linking loader
  • Bootstrap Loader.
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ADVANCED TOPICS

The Boot Process-BIOS Level

  • Master Boot Record (MBR)
  • Boot Loader-Run Level, and run level program
  • Setup, startup_32 functions
  • The start_kernel() function

Development Tools

  • Programming development tools: Make, scope, ldd,pmap, ps, gcc,nm, top, cvsroot, ftp, strace
  • Debugging tools: gdb
  • Optimization tools: splint, gprof, strace, ltrace
  • Memory detector tools: valgrind: memcheck, massif, callgrind, kcachegrind

Shell scripting

  • Invoking shell
  • Bash programming overview
  • Variable
  • Expression
  • Iteration
  • Conditions

Advance File and Libraries

  • File locking , unlocking
  • File linking and unlinking
  • System calls and std.library for file
  • Static library
  • Dynamic Library
  • Dynamic Loaded Library

Implementing System Calls

  • System Calls Defined
  • System Calls and APIs
  • System Call Table
  • Unistd.h ,signal.c and Syscall_table.S files
  • Implementing a new system call

Process, threads and Signal

  • Background and foreground process
  • Parent and child process
  • Process Creation , System calls related to process
  • Process Descriptor Structures in the kernel
  • Threads and signal

Inter Process Communication

  • Pipes, FIFO’s, signals
  • System-V IPC’s
  • Message queues
  • Shared memory
  • Semaphores
  • Memory Mapping
  • Socket

Socket Programming/Network Programming

  • Introduction-Server/Client model
  • OSI, TCP Models
  • TCP, IP, UDP Protocols
  • IP (Classes, Datagram formats, IP routing, v4 v5 v6)
  • Network Program over process model / Thread model

Locking Mechanism

  • Mutex
  • File locking
  • Semaphore

Memory Management

  • Address types
  • Virtual address space
  • Address translation
  • Paging and segmentation
  • Memory allocation and de-allocation
  • Process organization in memory
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